With a view to the industrial production of the future and Industry 4.0, the focus mostly lies on technology, while organization and the role of humans are less considered. The aim of this paper is to determine organizational requirements and performance indicators for future production. A quantitative empirical study is used to evaluate the relevance from a practical perspective. In addition, a collection of technological solutions illustrates the exemplary practical implementation of the organizational requirements. As a result, an ideal-typical organization of future production is presented. A central finding is that so far little attention is drawn to the areas of organization and humans in the context of Industry 4.0. Modern work and leadership concepts, consequent employee qualification, Lean Management 4.0, improved coordination, connectivity and transparency as well as the use of performance indicators are essential. For the successful implementation of technical Industry 4.0 solutions, the primary establishment of a basic organizational framework is mandatory. This work clarifies which concepts should be in the foreground in the future, also in order to secure competitiveness.
Keywords: Industry 4.0; production; organization; requirements; performance indicators.